In Pyle v. Mullins, a landscaper filed a personal injury lawsuit against a woman following a three-vehicle traffic wreck in Farragut. Although the woman admitted to liability for the crash, a jury trial was held on the issue of damages. Following trial, the jury awarded the landscaper $15,000 in damages for the injuries he sustained in the collision. After the trial court affirmed the jury's award, the man filed an appeal with the Court of Appeals of Tennessee at Knoxville.
On appeal, the man alleged that the jury's verdict should be set aside because it was based on erroneous evidentiary rulings and instructions. The landscaper also claimed the award was inadequate based on the evidence. After examining the testimony and other evidence offered at trial, the Court of Appeals concluded that there was sufficient material evidence to support the jury's damages award. Because of this, the court refused to disturb the jurors' award based on the material evidence.
Next, the appellate court addressed the landscaper's claim that the trial court committed error when it refused to instruct the jury regarding the woman's liability for any alleged aggravation of the man's purported pre-existing injuries. The court stated a trial judge should only provide a requested jury instruction where it is supported by the evidence, is part of a party to a lawsuit's theory of liability, and correctly states the law. According to the appeals court, the lower court did not commit error when it refused to issue the requested instruction to the jury because there was no evidence offered regarding the issue of the man's pre-existing injuries.